Schools move to new conferences
Nebraska, five others begin new affiliations on July 1
It's moving day across the collegiate landscape. Six schools begin new conference affiliations Friday, including two Pac-12 newcomers -- Colorado and Utah -- as well as Nebraska to the Big Ten.
The other changes: Boise State moves to the Mountain West; Brigham Young is now in the West Cast Conference (the Cougars' football team will be an Independent); and South Dakota joins The Summit (the Coyotes' football team will play in the Missouri Valley Football Conference beginning next year).
Nebraska has officially tied the knot with the Big Ten and, unlike its marriage of convenience with the Big 12, both parties enter this one believing they're a perfect match.
Nebraska gets the stability of a 105-year-old conference that includes some of the biggest names in college athletics and an association with some of the most prestigious public institutions in the land.
The Big Ten gets a valuable national brand in the Cornhuskers, one that gives the conference leverage in future television rights negotiations.
Nebraska loses its games against schools with which it has had century-old relationships, such as Kansas and Missouri, and gains a border war with Iowa and high-powered matchups with Ohio State, Penn State and Wisconsin, among others.
Commissioner Jim Delany said the Huskers are a natural fit. "They believe in broad-based programs, we believe in broad-based programs," he said. "They've had success in a lot of different programs, as we have. They believe and value the notion of sportsmanship at a very high level, which we believe in and value. There is a lot of connectivity."
For all that, this was purely a football-driven move. Five national championships and a coast-to-coast fan following made Nebraska extremely attractive to Delany and the many millions watching on ABC/ESPN and the Big Ten Network.
"I would assume that if we didn't have a good football tradition that we probably wouldn't have been invited," Nebraska athletic director Tom Osborne said.
|Sept. 3||Tenn.-Chattanooga||3:30 p.m.|
|Sept. 10||Fresno State||7 p.m.|
|Sept. 17||Washington||3:30 p.m.|
|Sept. 24||at Wyoming||7:30 p.m.|
|Oct. 1||at Wisconsin||8 p.m.|
|Oct. 8||Ohio State||8 p.m.|
|Oct. 22||at Minnesota||3:30 p.m.|
|Oct. 29||Michigan State||TBA|
|Nov. 12||at Penn State||TBA|
|Nov. 19||at Michigan||TBA|
|Dec. 3||Big Ten Championship||TBA|
The Huskers are in the Legends Division with Iowa, Michigan, Michigan State, Minnesota and Northwestern. They'll find out just how good they are in their inaugural season, starting with nationally televised cross-division night games at Wisconsin on Oct. 1 and against Ohio State in Lincoln the following week.
If the Huskers can win 10 games for the third season in a row, it would be a marvelous accomplishment, Osborne said. "It's one of the tougher schedules we've had in a long time," he said.
Game days at Nebraska are like those at other Big Ten venues, with the large crowds, tailgating and other traditions. Delany said Nebraska fans will feel comfortable at places such as Penn State, Ohio State, Michigan, Michigan State and Wisconsin.
"I think they'll feel they came home in some ways," Delany said.
Nebraska never felt at home in the Big 12. Osborne has said as much.
The perception in Nebraska was that Texas held too much political control from Day 1.
The purpose of the Big Eight-Southwest Conference merger, announced in 1994 and effective in 1996, was to cash in on increasing television rights fees.
The Big Eight schools were in sparsely populated states that had a combined 7 percent of the nation's TV sets. The four Texas schools that joined the Big 12 were in a state with another 7 percent of the nation's TVs, and they were in a conference on the verge of collapse because of cheating scandals.
Nebraska took it as a sign of things to come when Steve Hatchell, the SWC commissioner, was named the first commissioner of the Big 12 and Dallas was picked over Kansas City as league headquarters.
Nebraska wanted to continue accepting an unlimited number of partial academic qualifiers, as allowed by Big Eight rules, but that policy wasn't carried over to the Big 12 largely because of Texas' opposition.
More recently, Osborne was irked by the vote to play the Big 12 championship game for what would have been five consecutive years at Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas. Osborne preferred a north-south rotation. The point is moot now. The NCAA doesn't allow conference championship games in leagues with less than 12 members.
The financials were another issue. In the Big 12, a school generates greater revenue for itself with more TV appearances in football and men's basketball, and for advancing further in the NCAA men's basketball tournament.
In the Big Ten, revenue from TV contracts, bowls and NCAA men's basketball tournament shares are divided evenly.
Nebraska won't receive a full share of Big Ten revenue immediately. Chancellor Harvey Perlman and Delany declined to say in what year Nebraska would receive a full revenue share, which amounted to about $20 million per Big Ten school last year.
Perlman said, however, that Delany has assured him that Nebraska would receive no less than the estimated $10 million it would have gotten if it had remained in the Big 12 this year.
Nebraska's move to the Big Ten was the result of whirlwind conference realignment last June. The Pacific-10 made an unsuccessful play for six Big 12 schools, including Texas. Had more than just Colorado left to join what is becoming the Pac-12, the Big 12 would have struggled to survive.
Going to the Big Ten, with its stability and greater revenue potential, was a no-brainer.
Nebraska actually had been waiting for a Big Ten invitation for decades. Shortly after Penn State became the Big Ten's 11th member in 1990, then-Nebraska athletic director Bob Devaney spoke with Delany about the possibility of the league taking in the Cornhuskers to make it an even 12.
Devaney, the man who built the Huskers into football national champions in 1970-71, grew up in Michigan and was from the coaching tree of Michigan State icon Duffy Daugherty. He admired the Big Ten and wanted to be part of it.
Bill Byrne, athletic director from 1992-2002, also inquired about Big Ten membership.
Joining the Big Ten, Perlman said, "has been an aspiration for many people around the university for as long as I've been here, which goes back to the 1960s."
"Everybody has acknowledged that the Big Ten had a reputation that would assist the University of Nebraska, if for no other reason than location and we're a comparable institution," Perlman said. "Many people look at getting into the Big Ten as a signal that we've arrived as a major research university. Many of us think that's true."
The Big Ten's academic arm, the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, is extremely appealing, Perlman said.
The CIC, which also includes the University of Chicago, encourages universities to share their expertise in research, leverage campus resources and collaborate on programs involving students and faculty.
It's hoped the prestige that comes with Big Ten membership gives a bump to the school's enrollment of 24,500 and aids in faculty recruitment, Perlman said.
Perlman said the difference between the Big Ten and the Big 12 is that the Big Ten schools are "more homogenous institutions."
"That's not to say one's better or one's worse," he said. "If you think about the Big Ten, you do come up with an image in the mind's eye of a major, comprehensive for most part, land-grant institution located in the Midwest. ... We're smaller and we haven't had the academic notoriety of many of those schools yet, but given what we've done the past 10 years, we hold our own with them."
The Big 12, on the other hand, is "a heterogeneous group of institutions," Perlman said.
"North-south, southern tradition as opposed to the Midwestern tradition," Perlman said. "You say Big 12 institution, and you don't have an image that comes to mind."
The addition of Nebraska strengthens the Big Ten, and Delany doesn't know when, or if, the league will expand again.
"The Penn State addition in the east and the Nebraska addition in the west, it's a pretty powerful two-institution expansion," he said. "We were cautious and conservative and took our time. Where we are now positions us exceptionally well for future decades."
Among the changes in 2012 and '13, no less than 18 schools will shift conferences:
|School||Former Conference||New Conference||Takes Effect|
|Boise State||WAC||Mountain West||2011|
|BYU||Mountain West||WCC (Independent for football)||2011|
|Nebraska||Big 12||Big Ten||2011|
|South Dakota||Great West||The Summit (MVFC for football)||2011, 2012 (football)|
|Cal Poly SLO||Big West (Great West for football)||Big West (Big Sky for football)||2012|
|Fresno State||WAC||Mountain West||2012|
|Hawaii||WAC||Big West (Mountain West for football)||2012|
|Nebraska-Omaha||MIAA (DII), WCHA (hockey)||The Summit, WCHA (hockey)||2012|
|North Dakota||Great West||Big Sky||2012|
|Southern Utah||The Summit (Great West for football)||Big Sky (all sports)||2012|
|Texas Christian||Mountain West||Big East||2012|
|UC-Davis||Big West (Great West for football)||Big West (Big Sky for football)||2012|
|UMass||Atlantic 10 (CAA for football)||Atlantic 10 (MAC for football)||2012|
|Mercer||Atlantic Sun||Atlantic Sun (Pioneer for football)||2013|
|Rhode Island||Atlantic 10 (CAA for football)||Atlantic 10 (NEC for football)||2013|
|Stetson||Atlantic Sun||Atlantic Sun (Pioneer for football)||2013|