Katherine Wright | NCAA.com | November 1, 2019 Cross country glossary: Get to know the basic and advanced terms The top men's cross country teams to watch in 2019 Share Here is a look at some of the common (and not-so-common) terms used in the world of NCAA cross country and running. Thanks to Lori Shontz at the University of Oregon, the USTFCCA and Runnersworld.com for help compiling this glossary. Have your own entry you'd like to see added? Tell us at NCAASupport@turner.com. 6k/8k/10k That "k" represents kilometers, which equals 1,000 meters. 6k equals 3.73 miles; 8k is 4.96 miles; 10k is 6.21. Bill Dellinger Award Named after former Oregon men's cross country and track and field coach, the Bill Dellinger Award is given to the cross country Men's Coach of the Year. Click or tap here to view past winners of the award bonk The point at which muscles begin fatiguing rapidly. Also phrased as "hitting the wall." It happens when the body's stored energy is used up and major fatigue sets in. Cross Country conference championships A period that begins the postseason where conference members oppose each other for the conference title. It includes the ACC Cross Country Championships, Big Ten Cross Country Championships, Pac-12 Cross Country Championships. cool-down Slow run or jog to loosen muscles after a race to rid the body of lactic acid. CR Course record. DNF Did not finish. DNS Did not start. fartlek Swedish for "speed play." Training technique that combines variations of speeds or paces — slow, moderate, fast bursts — within a run. Can help increase speed and endurance. George Dales Award Named after the late Western Michigan coach George Dales, the honor is awarded annually to an individual who enhances, grows and develops the profession of cross country and track and field. To view past winners, click or tap here. International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF) Founded in 1912, the IAAF is an international governing body for athletics, including track and field, cross country, road running, mountain running, etc. Standardizing rules, regulating equipment, recognizing and managing world records are some of the IAAF's responsibilities. IAAF World Cross Country Championships Inaugurated in 1973, the championships gathers the world's best cross country runners and tests them against each other. The once annual event is now biennial with the next race happening on March 20, 2021. imperial mile (mile) The U.S. unit of measuring long distances, equals 1609 meters, 5,280 feet; 1,760 yards. in-season invitationals Meets within the collegiate regular season that host opponents across the country; individual runners and teams have the opportunity to compare themselves and compete for placement. Examples: Joe Piane Notre Dame Invitational, Nuttycombe Wisconsin Invitational, Pre-nationals Invitational NUTTYCOMBE INFO: 6 essentials to know about the annual invitational intervals Training technique that builds strength and endurance. Intervals incorporate fast, repetitive speeds within 200-800 meters alternated with slow intervals of jogging or rest. Jimmy Carnes Distinguished Service Award Named after the late Jimmy Carnes — who coached the U.S. Olympic and Florida Gators track and field teams — the annual award is presented to an individual who goes beyond the basic service of coaching cross country and track and field. To view past winners, click or tap here. junior athlete Student-athlete younger than 20 on Dec. 31 of said year. lactic acid Associated with muscle fatigue and soreness, the substance forms in the muscles after the incomplete breakdown of glucose. lactate threshold Maximum intensity or effort a runner can reach before lactate is introduced to the blood stream. long, slow distance (LSD) The practice of running long distance at an "easy" pace to promote fitness, in comparison to running at full exertion in short distances — which accelerates exhaustion masters athlete Older than 40. maximum heart rate The highest heart rate reached during the run. "metric mile" 1500m, the closest to the imperial mile in international racing distance. NCAA Cross Country Championships 31 men's and women's teams are selected to compete at the NCAA DI Championships. 18 bids — top two teams in each of the nine regions — are automatic, and 13 bids are at-large. At large selections involve regular season and regional scoring. Designations of "A" and "B" teams are determined after the NCAA regional meets. 38 additional individuals per gender are selected to compete. 2019 CHAMPIONSHIP INFO: Indiana State hosts | Tickets NCAA Regional Championships Event that assembles the country's nine regions' cross country teams for a men's and women's race, the precursor to the NCAA National Championships. Here's the map for the regional championships. 2019 REGIONAL: Great Lakes | Mid-Atlantic | Midwest | Mountain | Northeast | South | South Central | Southeast | West negative split When an athlete runs the second half of the race faster than the first half. NR National record. Peter Tegen Award Named after former Wisconsin women's cross country and track and field coach, the Peter Tegen Award is given to the cross country Women's Coach of the Year. To view past winners, click or tap here. pick-ups Acceleration during a run, those in shorter duration than fartleks. PR/PB Personal ranking/personal best. running economy How much oxygen used while running. Improving running economy means you are able to run at a smaller percentage of VO2Max, or maximum oxygen consumption. split Clocked time at mile markers or other pre-planned checkpoint in route to the finish line. taper Decrease of mileage in preparation for a big race. Helps with muscle relaxation. Can be used as a noun or verb. tempo run Training with a sustained effort. Length ranges from 20-30 minutes at 10-15 second per mile slower than normal pace. threshold runs To build better endurance and delay fatigue, runs of 5-20 minutes at a pace slower than your typical speed should allow athletes to run faster in the future. This pace is close to the lactate threshold, and running close to that window is believed to raise your lactate threshold. U.S. Track & Field and Cross Country Coaches Association (USTFCCCA) A non-profit, professional organization that represents track and field and cross country coaches of all levels, including collegiate and those in high school associations USTFCCCA Convention An assembly held every year in December to gather the nation's many cross country/track and field programs. Celebration of the previous season ensues, as well as the administering of honors and award presentations USTFCCCA Program of the Year Awarded annually to the best cross country/track and field programs in each of NCAA's three divisions, the NAIA and each gender in those levels. Eligibility is determined if the program qualified for the NCAA/NAIA Championships (cross country and indoor and outdoor track and field), and the scoring is based on the programs with the lowest scores in the championships. To view past winners, click or tap here. VO2Max Maximal oxygen consumption. The maximum amount of oxygen you can inhale and then transport throughout the body.