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Ryan Connors |NCAA.com | April 12, 2019

Frozen Four: History and team records

What chicken wing reigns supreme at Frozen Four?

The 2019 Frozen Four will determine the national champion of men's college ice hockey this weekend. Here is your guide to the history and records of the Frozen Four, the championship for college men's ice hockey.

What is the Frozen Four?

The Frozen Four is the semifinals and finals of the college men's ice hockey tournament. The final two rounds of that tournament take place on one weekend in April after the field has been whittled down from 16 to four.

FROZEN FOUR 2019: Schedule, championship info

The Frozen Four only refers to the semifinals, but the tournament consists of four rounds that cut the field in half from 16 to The selection committee grants the four No. 1 seeds in order, but does not officially release seed lines for the other 12 teams. This tournament setup requires the national champion to win four tournament games in a row to claim the national championship crown.

History of the Frozen Four

The Frozen Four started in 1948, with Michigan taking the title over Dartmouth. It was just called the NCAA men's ice hockey championship until 1999, when it was re-branded as the Frozen Four.

UMass advances to Frozen Four championship game over Denver

The first 10 Frozen Fours were held in Colorado Springs, Colorado, before moving to a new location every season. Of course, some locations have hosted multiple times. Minneapolis, Denver, Utica, N.Y, Chestnut Hill, Ma.; Providence, Syracuse, Duluth, Minn. are among the locations that have hosted the Frozen Four.

Boston has hosted six times, including three years in a row from 1973 to 1973.

Coach Vic Heyliger's Michigan teams won six of the first nine national championships, and was the runner-up in each of those three when they didn't win. The Wolverines added another title in 1964, then had to wait 30 years for their next one.

Boston College is the leader in championships since 2000 with four. Denver has three. Minnesota has two.

After every Frozen Four, the NCAA names a Most Outstanding Player and an All-Tournament Team. 

YEAR CHAMPION COACH SCORE RUNNER-UP HOST OR SITE
2018 Minnesota Duluth (25-16-3)  Scott Sandelin 2-1 Notre Dame  St. Paul, Minn.
2017 Denver (33-7-4) Jim Montgomery 3-2 Minnesota Duluth Chicago
2016 North Dakota (34-6-4) Brad Berry 5-1 Quinnipiac Tampa
2015 Providence (26-13-2) Nate Leaman 4-3 Boston University Boston
2014 Union (N.Y.) (32-6-4) Rick Bennett 7-4 Minnesota Philadelphia
2013 Yale (22-12-3) Keith Allain 4-0 Quinnipiac Pittsburgh
2012 Boston College (33-10-1) Jerry York 4-1 Ferris State Tampa, Fla.
2011 Minnesota Duluth (26-10-6) Scott Sandelin 3-2 (ot) Michigan St. Paul, Minn.
2010 Boston College (29-10-3) Jerry York 5-0 Wisconsin Detroit
2009 Boston University (35-6-4) Jack Parker 4-3 (ot) Miami (Ohio) Washington D.C.
2008 Boston College (25-11-8) Jerry York 4-1 Notre Dame Denver
2007 Michigan State (26-13-3) Rick Comley 3-1 Boston College St. Louis
2006 Wisconsin (30-10-3) Mike Eaves 2-1 Boston College Milwaukee
2005 Denver (32-9-2) George Gwozdecky 4-1 North Dakota Columbus, Ohio
2004 Denver (27-12-5) George Gwozdecky 1-0 Maine Boston
2003 Minnesota (30-8-9) Don Lucia 5-1 New Hampshire Buffalo, N.Y.
2002 Minnesota (32-8-4) Don Lucia 4-3 (ot) Maine St. Paul, Minn.
2001 Boston College (33-8-2) Jerry York 3-2 (ot) North Dakota Albany, N.Y.
2000 North Dakota (31-8-5) Dean Blais 4-2 Boston College Providence, R.I.
1999 Maine (31-6-4) Shawn Walsh 3-2 (ot) New Hampshire Anaheim, Calif.
1998 Michigan (32-11-1) Gordon "Red" Berenson 3-2 (ot) Boston College Boston
1997 North Dakota (31-10-2) Dean Blais 6-4 Boston University Milwaukee
1996 Michigan (33-7-2) Gordon "Red" Berenson 3-2 (ot) Colorado College Cincinnati
1995 Boston University (31-6-3) Jack Parker 6-2 Maine Providence, R.I.
1994 Lake Superior State (31-10-4) Jeff Jackson 9-1 Boston University St. Paul, Minn.
1993 Maine (42-1-2) Shawn Walsh 5-4 Lake Superior State Milwaukee
1992 Lake Superior State (30-9-4) Jeff Jackson 5-3 #Wisconsin Albany, N.Y.
1991 Northern Michigan (38-5-4) Rick Comley 8-7 (3ot) Boston University St. Paul, Minn.
1990 Wisconsin (36-9-1) Jeff Sauer 7-3 Colgate Detroit
1989 Harvard (31-3) Bill Cleary 4-3 (ot) Minnesota St. Paul, Minn.
1988 Lake Superior State (33-7-6) Frank Anzalone 4-3 (ot) St. Lawrence Lake Placid, N.Y.
1987 North Dakota (40-8) John "Gino" Gasparini 5-3 Michigan State Detroit
1986 Michigan State (34-9-2) Ron Mason 6-5 Harvard Providence, R.I.
1985 Rensselaer (35-2-1) Mike Addesa 2-1 Providence Detroit
1984 Bowling Green (34-8-2) Jerry York 5-4 (4ot) Minnesota Duluth Lake Placid, N.Y.
1983 Wisconsin (33-10-4) Jeff Sauer 6-2 Harvard Grand Forks, N.D.
1982 North Dakota (35-12) John "Gino" Gasparini 5-2 Wisconsin Providence, R.I.
1981 Wisconsin (27-14-1) Bob Johnson 6-3 Minnesota Duluth, Minnesota
1980 North Dakota (31-8-1) John "Gino" Gasparini 5-2 Northern Michigan Providence, R.I.
1979 Minnesota (32-11-1) Herb Brooks 4-3 North Dakota Detroit
1978 Boston University (30-2) Jack Parker 5-3 Boston College Providence, R.I.
1977 Wisconsin (37-7-1) Bob Johnson 6-5 (ot) Michigan Detroit
1976 Minnesota (28-14-2) Herb Brooks 6-4 Michigan Tech Denver
1975 Michigan Tech (32-10) John MacInnes 6-1 Minnesota St. Louis
1974 Minnesota (22-12-6) Herb Brooks 4-2 Michigan Tech Boston
1973 Wisconsin (29-9-2) Bob Johnson 4-2 #Denver Boston
1972 Boston University (26-4-1) Jack Kelley 4-0 Cornell Boston
1971 Boston University (28-2-1) Jack Kelley 4-2 Minnesota Syracuse, N.Y.
1970 Cornell (29-0) Ned Harkness 6-4 Clarkson Lake Placid, N.Y.
1969 Denver (26-6) Murray Armstrong 4-3 Cornell Colorado Springs, Colo.
1968 Denver (28-5-1) Murray Armstrong 4-0 North Dakota Duluth, Minnesota
1967 Cornell (27-1-1) Ned Harkness 4-1 Boston University Syracuse, N.Y.
1966 Michigan State (16-13) Amo Bessone 6-1 Clarkson Minneapolis
1965 Michigan Tech (24-5-2) John MacInnes 8-2 Boston College Providence, R.I.
1964 Michigan (24-4-1) Allen Renfrew 6-3 Denver Denver
1963 North Dakota (22-7-3) Barry Thorndycraft 6-5 Denver Boston
1962 Michigan Tech (29-3) John MacInnes 7-1 Clarkson Utica, N.Y.
1961 Denver (30-1-1) Murray Armstrong 12-2 St. Lawrence Denver
1960 Denver (27-4-3) Murray Armstrong 5-3 Michigan Tech Boston
1959 North Dakota (20-10-1) Bob May 4-3 (ot) Michigan State Troy, N.Y.
1958 Denver (24-10-2) Murray Armstrong 6-2 North Dakota Minneapolis
1957 Colorado College (25-5) Thomas Bedecki 13-6 Michigan Colorado Springs, Colo.
1956 Michigan (20-2-1) Vic Heyliger 7-5 Michigan Tech Colorado Springs, Colo.
1955 Michigan (18-5-1) Vic Heyliger 5-3 Colorado College Colorado Springs, Colo.
1954 Rensselaer (18-5) Ned Harkness 5-4 (ot) Minnesota Colorado Springs, Colo.
1953 Michigan (17-7) Vic Heyliger 7-3 Minnesota Colorado Springs, Colo.
1952 Michigan (22-4) Vic Heyliger 4-1 Colorado College Colorado Springs, Colo.
1951 Michigan (22-4-1) Vic Heyliger 7-1 Brown Colorado Springs, Colo.
1950 Colorado College (18-5-1) Cheddy Thompson 13-4 Boston University Colorado Springs, Colo.
1949 Boston College (21-1) John "Snooks" Kelley 4-3 Dartmouth Colorado Springs, Colo.
1948 Michigan (20-2-1) Vic Heyliger 8-4 Dartmouth Colorado Springs, Colo.

#Participation in the tournament vacated by the NCAA Committee on Infractions.

There have been 71 Frozen Fours in NCAA history. Twelve teams have been to double-digit final fours, with Boston College and Michigan leading the way.

UMass advances to Frozen Four championship game over Denver

Here's the full leaderboard:

Team Appearances
Boston College 25
Michigan 24
Boston University 22
North Dakota 22
Minnesota 21
Denver 15
Harvard 13
Michigan State 11
Maine 11
Michigan Tech 10
Colorado College 10
St. Lawrence 9

Fourteen programs have won multiple Frozen Fours. These schools account for 61 of the 71 championships in NCAA history.

Team Championships
Michigan 9
North Dakota 8
Denver 8
Wisconsin 6
Boston College 5
Boston University 5
Minnesota 5
Lake Superior State 3
Michigan State 3
Michigan Tech 3
Colorado College 2
Cornell 2
Maine 2
Renssselaer 2

Guide to the 2019 Frozen Four

The 2019 Frozen Four takes place from April 11 to April 13 in Buffalo, New York. Minnesota Duluth, Providence, UMass and Denver all made the semifinals, with UMass and Minnesota Duluth advancing to the championship game.

Here's this year's bracket (click here for the PDF):

The 2019 Frozen Four is underway

UMass and Minnesota Duluth will battle for the championship on Saturday. Minnesota Duluth, which got here as a No. 4 seed, is looking to become the first back-to-back Frozen Four champion since Denver in 2004-05.

The 2019 Frozen Four is being held at KeyBank Center, home of the NHL's Buffalo Sabres.

How each team got here:

UMass won the Hockey East conference with an 18-6 record in league play and a 31-9 record overall. The Minutemen made it to the Hockey East tournament semifinals before losing 3-0 to Boston College.

UMass was the No. 4 overall seed in the tournament, behind Saint Cloud State, Minnesota Duluth and Minnesota State. The Minutemen crushed Harvard in the first round of the tournament 4-0. Brett Boeing scored two goals, while Anthony Del Gazio and John Leonard scored the others to make sure the team had no trouble making it into the second round. UMass defeated Notre Dame by that same score in the quarterfinals. Leonard had a goal in that game too, as did Olver Chau and Cale Makar. Denver gave UMass its first close game of the tournament in the Frozen Four on Thursday, but UMass survived to win in overtime on Marc Del Gazio's game-winner.

Minnesota Duluth finished third in the National Collegiate Athletic Conference in the regular season with a 13-11 league record and a 25-16 overall record. The Bulldogs defeated Omaha, Denver and Saint Cloud State to take home the NCAC Frozen Faceoff title (that's what the conference calls its tournament). 

Minnesota Duluth was matched with Bowling Green in the first round, where the Bulldogs won in overtime after trailing 1-0 heading into the final period. Parker Mackay scored both goals for Minnesota Duluth, the first coming with a few minutes remaining in the game and the second in overtime. The Bulldogs' win over Quinnipiac in the quarterfinals wasn't quite so close, as Minnesota Duluth scored twice before Quinnipiac could get on the board, then added one more goal for safety. Minnesota Duluth's biggest win of the tournament came in the Frozen Four against Providence. The Bulldogs advanced to the tournament final with a three-goal third period for which Providence had no answer.

The championship pits a traditional power against a school that has is in new territory. UMass is in its first Frozen Four in program history, while Minnesota Duluth won the national title in 2011 and was the runner-up just last season.

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